When a baby has microcephaly the babies head will be much smaller than normal so when you look at the babies head and it's smaller than normal size or the head is not growing as much as it should then your baby may have microcephaly.
The signs of microcephaly in babies is a small head size, failure to thrive (slow weight gain and growth) High-pitched crying.
Abnormal brain development and microcephaly can be a cause of cerebral palsy.
The diagnosis of microcephaly in a baby can be an indication that the baby suffered hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (brain damage caused by limited oxygen at or around the time of birth), which can increase the risk of cerebral palsy, developmental delays, and other serious disabilities.
A babies head circumference can tell you if the brain is developing properly and when the head circumference is not growing as fast as it should then the baby could have a brain development problem.
When a babies head is small it's usually caused by abnormal brain development or microcephaly.
Microcephaly is a condition where your babies head is much smaller than expected.
During pregnancy, the babies head grows because the babies brain also grows.
Microcephaly can occur because a baby's brain has not developed properly during pregnancy or has stopped growing after birth, which results in a smaller head size.
You should be concerned if your babies head is not growing at least 2 cm monthly although it may not be an issue but if your babies head is not growing then you should see a doctor about it.
A babies head should grow at least 2 cm monthly.
In normal healthy babies with normal brain development the babies head should grow at least 2 CM per month.
If the babies head is not growing at least 2 CM per month then they may have abnormal brain development.
Smoking in pregnant woman can cause microcephaly and abnormal brain development in the baby.
You should never smoke or drink alcohol when pregnant as it increases risk of death to the unborn baby as well as birth defects including the microcephaly in the baby.
The way that microcephaly can affect a child is the microcephaly has been linked to Seizures. Developmental delay, such as problems with speech or other developmental milestones (like sitting, standing, and walking) Intellectual disability (decreased ability to learn and function in daily life.
Any head circumference less than the 2nd percentile is considered microcephaly.
Microcephaly is defined as a head circumference 2 standard deviations (SDs) below the mean for age and sex or roughly less than the 2nd percentile.
Microcephaly can sometimes be detected at 20 week ultrasound although microcephaly and intracranial calcifications are typically detected during ultrasounds in the late second and early third trimester of pregnancy.
The microcephaly condition does run in families and if someone such as a parent or sibling had microcephaly then there's a good chance the baby will also have microcephaly.
However sometimes the microcephaly condition may occur in babies even though nobody else in the family has had the microcephaly condition from birth.
Microcephaly is an autosomal recessive gene disorder.
Autosomal means that boys and girls are equally affected.
Recessive means that two copies of the gene, one from each parent, are needed to have the condition.
Some genetic disorders that cause microcephaly are X-linked.
The microcephaly is a condition in which the babies head is significantly smaller than expected and is often due to abnormal brain development in the baby.
Causes of microcephaly include infections, malnutrition, or exposure to toxins.
Symptoms of microcephaly vary and include intellectual disability and speech delay and in more severe cases of microcephaly there may also be seizures and abnormal muscle functionality.
There is no cure for microcephaly however treatments can help.
Treatment for the microcephaly condition in babies involves supportive care, symptom management, and close monitoring.