Abortions are done through a few different ways depending on how far you are into your pregnancy when the abortion takes place.
However below are the ways that abortion is done.
Manual Vacuum Aspiration: up to 7 weeks after last menstrual period (LMP)
This surgical abortion is done early in the pregnancy up until 7 weeks after the woman’s last menstrual period.
A long, thin tube is inserted into the uterus. A large syringe is attached to the tube and the embryo is suctioned out.
Suction Curettage: between 6 to 14 weeks after LMP
This is the most common surgical abortion procedure. Because the baby is larger, the doctor must first stretch open the cervix using metal rods.
Opening the cervix may be painful, so local or general anesthesia is typically needed.
After the cervix is stretched open, the doctor inserts a hard plastic tube into the uterus, then connects this tube to a suction machine.
The suction pulls the fetus’ body apart and out of the uterus.
The doctor may also use a loop-shaped knife called a curette to scrape the fetus and fetal parts out of the uterus. (The doctor may refer to the fetus and fetal parts as the “products of conception.”).
Dilation and Evacuation (D&E): between 13 to 24 weeks after LMP
This surgical abortion is done during the second trimester of pregnancy.
At this point in pregnancy, the fetus is too large to be broken up by suction alone and will not pass through the suction tubing.
In this procedure, the cervix must be opened wider than in a first trimester abortion.
This is done by inserting numerous thin rods made of seaweed a day or two before the abortion.
Once the cervix is stretched open the doctor pulls out the fetal parts with forceps.
The fetus’ skull is crushed to ease removal. A sharp tool (called a curette) is also used to scrape out the contents of the uterus, removing any remaining tissue.
Dilation and Extraction (D&X) (partial-birth abortion): from 20 weeks after LMP to full-term
This procedure takes three days.
During the first two days, the cervix is stretched open using thin rods made of seaweed, and medication is given for pain.
On the third day, the abortion doctor uses ultrasound to locate the legs of the fetus.
Grasping a leg with forceps, the doctor delivers the fetus up to the head.
Next, scissors are inserted into the base of the skull to create an opening.
A suction catheter is placed into the opening to remove the brain.
The skull collapses and the fetus is removed.
RU486, Mifepristone (Abortion Pill) Within 4 to 7 weeks after LMP
This drug is only approved for use in women up to the 49th day after their last menstrual period.
The procedure usually requires three office visits.
On the first visit, the woman is given pills to cause the death of the embryo.
Two days later, if the abortion has not occurred, she is given a second drug which causes cramps to expel the embryo.
The last visit is to determine if the procedure has been completed.
RU486 will not work in the case of an ectopic pregnancy.
This is a potentially life-threatening condition in which the embryo lodges outside the uterus, usually in the fallopian tube.
If an ectopic pregnancy is not diagnosed early, the tube may burst, causing internal bleeding and in some cases, the death of the woman.
Abortion is illegal in some countries such as Afghanistan.
However abortions are now legal in all USA states but some states do have restrictions on abortions.
An abortion costs between $500.00 to $1,500.00
In some cases you may not have to pay anything out of pocket to have the abortion especially if it's deemed medically necessary for your health and or for the babies health as well.
An abortion can cost anywhere from nothing out of pocket to more than $1,000.00
The price of the abortion you plan to have depends on the type of care and the stage of pregnancy, among other factors.
Abortion care seekers can have additional costs including extra medication, sedation, transportation, lodging, and child care.
According to the Guttmacher Institute, the average cost for a first-trimester abortion is in the US is $508.00 (anywhere between $75.00 and $2500.00.
The median cost for a second-trimester abortion is $1,195.00 Later term abortion can cost $3,000.00 or more.
A woman who is unmarried and over 18 years of age can provide her own written consent to get an abortion.
Legal age if below 18 years, then you must have written consent.
This consent has to come from her guardian along with a specific reason for the abortion of pregnancy.
Abortion is the termination of a pregnancy by removal or expulsion of an embryo or fetus.
An abortion that occurs without intervention is known as a miscarriage or "spontaneous abortion" and occurs in approximately 30% to 40% of pregnancies.
Having an abortion feels different for everyone — it can be super painful or just a little uncomfortable.
Your level of discomfort can depend on the medications you get, how far into your pregnancy you are, and how much cramping and pain you have.
For most people, it feels like strong period cramps.
Side effects of having an abortion include cramping, pelvic pain, uterine damage, injury to the bowel, bladder, or cervix, heavy bleeding, or more serious complications.
Blood loss, damage to the uterus, and infection are the most common side effects.
Side effect to the baby is of course death.