What can go wrong with cytoplasm?

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asked Feb 25 in Science by sezro833 (1,940 points)
What can go wrong with cytoplasm?

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answered Feb 27 by Alyssa1gph (11,490 points)
Cytoplasm can become defective and large cytoplasmic volume affects spindle pole morphology, chromosome alignment, and stringency of checkpoint signaling, resulting in error-prone chromosome segregation.

If the cytoplasm is defective the cell would be deflated and flat and would not be able to retain it's shape.

The organelles would also not be able to suspend in the cell.

The function of cytoplasm is to provide shape to the cell and it fills up the cells thus enabling the organelles to remain in their position.

The cells without any cytoplasm would deflate and substances would not permeate easily from one to the other organelle.

Although the cytosol which is a part of the cytoplasm has no organelles.

The cytoskeleton in neurodegenerative diseases is the main intracellular structure that determines the morphology of neurons and maintains their integrity.

The illnesses that can be caused by defective organelles are heart disease, diabetes, Parkinson's disease, normal aging and Alzheimer's disease.

The type of cell that has no nucleus is prokaryotes which are organisms whose cells lack a nucleus and other organelles.

The prokaryotes cells are divided into two distinct groups which are the bacteria and the archaea.

The diseases that affect the cell membrane are Liddle's syndrome, long QT syndrome, hyperkalemic periodic paralysis, cystic fibrosis, myotonia congenita, nephrogenic diabetes inspidus, glucose/galactose malabsorption, cystinuria, and Wilson's disease.

The diseases that are caused by malfunction of microtubules are Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), and tauopathies like Progressive Supranuclear Palsy.

One of the main functions of Microfilaments in the cytoskeleton is to assist with the movement of cells and they are made of protein called actin.

The actin protein works with myosin which is another protein that produces muscle movements, cytoplasmic streaming and cell division.

THe microfilaments also keep the organelles in place within a cell.

The diseases that result from problems with cytoskeleton are spastic paraplegias, spinocerebellar ataxias, and mental retardation.

A cytoskeleton looks like long fibers which are arranged in a network inside a cell and the fibers both branch inside the cell and also can connect with the plasma membrane or cell membrane or even help with cell motility and anchoring to other cells or the extracellular matrix.

The cytoskeleton is similar to the skeleton in the human body as it provides structure and support like the human skeleton does for the human body.

A cytoskeleton is like your skeleton as it serves the same type of purpose and gives the cell structure, holds organelles in place and gives the cells shape.

Just like our skeleton the cytoskeleton supports the structure of the cells like our skeleton supports the structure of our body.

You cannot live without cytoskeleton as the cells would not survive and once the cells die off completely the person would also die.

Cytoskeleton is a very essential part of human survival and essential component of all living cells.

If a cell lacked a functional cytoskeleton it will have an amorphous shape.

Without cytoskeletan the cell will no longer be able to retain its shape and will ultimately burst.

The cytoskeleton can be dismantled as all 3 types of the cytoskeletal filaments undergo constant remodleing through assembly and disassembly of their subunits.

Cytoskeleton can break down as cytoskeleton and microtubules are known to undergo bending or buckling in cells that often results in the breaking of the cytoskeletal protein filament.

The three cytoskeleton examples are actin filaments, microtubules and a group of polymers known collectively as intermediate filaments.

Cytoskeleton is found in all cells except in those cells of most bacteria.

The cell that cytoskeleton is found in is eukaryotic cells which are cells containing a nucleus.

Cytoskeleton is found in both plant and animal cells and plays an essential role in cellular functions

The most important thing about the cytoskeleton is that it provides the structural framework for the cell and serves as a scaffold which determines the shape and the general organization of the cytoplasm as well as being responsible for cell movements.

Examples of cytoskeleton in a cell are actin filaments, microtubules and a group of polymers known collectively as intermediate filaments.

And together, these polymers control the shape and mechanics of eukaryotic cells.

The conclusion of the cytoskeleton is that the cytoskeleton of a cell is made up of microtubules, actin filaments, intermediate filaments.

The structures give the cell it's shape and help to organize the cell's parts and they provide a basis for movement and cell division.

The cytoskeleton in a house would be the beams of a house as they help the house hold it's shape.

The cytoskeleton is compared to an everyday object like support beams of a house or building as the cytoskeleton supports the shape of the cell like the support beams help to support the building.

An everyday object that is like a cytoskeleton would be a coat rack or even the beams of a house which help hold the shape of the house as the cytoskeleton holds the shape of the cell.

If a cell didn't have a cytoskeleton it would result in a lack of structural integrity in the cell.

The cell would also lose it's shape and structure and become permanently deformed and the cell would also have no mechanical resistance from external pressure and would also be easily damaged.

The cytoskeleton is necessary because of all the functional components of a living cell the cytoskeleton is considered to be the backbone of a cell as it provides the cell its shape and structure.

It is also pivotal in controlling inter- and intracellular transportation and also plays an important role during cell division and differentiation.

The 3 roles of the cytoskeleton are to provide structure and organization, resists and transmits stresses, and drives shape change and movement.

The diseases that are caused by cytoskeleton malfunction are spastic paraplegias, spinocerebellar ataxias, and mental retardation.

The cytoskeleton is a structure that helps cells maintain their shape and internal organization, and it also provides mechanical support that enables cells to carry out essential functions like division and movement.

The cytoskeleton in an animal cell is located in the cytoplasm.

The cytoskeleton can be found under the plasma membrane and nucleus for structure and support, and to help link cells to each other or the extracellular matrix.

The cytoskeleton is a structure that helps cells maintain their shape and internal organization, and it also provides mechanical support that enables cells to carry out essential functions like division and movement.

A cytoskeleton provides a structural framework for the cell, serving as a scaffold that determines cell shape and the general organization of the cytoplasm.

In addition to playing this structural role, the cytoskeleton is responsible for cell movements.

The cytoskeleton is a fascinating structure found in every cell of the human body.

Composed of protein filaments, it provides structural support, controls cellular motility, and facilitates intracellular transport.

Despite its crucial role, the cytoskeleton often goes unnoticed, overshadowed by other organelles.

There are three components of cytoskeletal components- microtubules, microfilaments, and intermediary filaments.

Despite the “micro” in their name, microtubules are the largest of the three types of cytoskeletal fibers, with a diameter of about 25 nm.

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