How long does it take to be a brain surgeon?

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asked Dec 13, 2023 in Higher Education (university +) by DarrellB (800 points)
How long does it take to be a brain surgeon?

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answered Dec 14, 2023 by Gloverdragon (23,240 points)
Becoming a brain surgeon takes between 14 years to 16 years which includes pre-med and undergrad education as well as internship and residency and medical school.

Neurosurgeons or brain surgeons undergo the longest training periods of any medical specialty because of the complexity of the field of medicine.

The amount of money that brain surgeons makes is between $487,780.00 a year to $755,083.00 per year.

The highest salary for a brain surgeon is $755,083.00 per year or around $235.00 per hour.

After brain surgery you will feel sleepy and drowsy after you wake up which is normal as the anesthetic and painkillers wear off.

You may also have a swollen face or head and be bruised and the swelling and bruising should go away over time as you recover.

During brain surgery the brain surgeon uses a high speed saw in order to cut a portion of the bone known as a bone flat to access your brain.

The surgeon will also sometimes make a smaller hole and insert a tube with a camera and light on the end known as an endoscope.

When done with an endoscope the surgery will be performed with tools placed through the endoscope.

The side effects of brain surgery are poor balance, nausea, infection, headache, drowsiness, difficulty swallowing, weakness, swelling, bleeding, dizziness and seizures.

While brain surgery is a very high risk surgery it's also not all that dangerous when done today with the advancements in medical knowledge and technology.

Brain surgery done today by a qualified brain surgeon is a very safe procedure and most people come out of brain surgery just fine.

Still brain surgery is also dangerous and carries some risks as the surgeon is working on the brain which is a very essential part of the body.

Brain surgery is a high risk surgery as the surgeon is operating on a very vital organ which is your brain.

However most brain surgeries are done without any issues and most people recover successfully after brain surgery.

Brain surgery is done while you're awake and able to talk.

However you won't feel any pain during the brain surgery as you'll be numbed so that you won't feel anything.

Brain surgery done while awake reduces the risk of damaging critical brain areas which control your speech and other skills.

After brain surgery the pain can be pretty significant and you will usually have shooting pains near the wound and numbness near the wound as well.

You may also have some bruising and swelling around the eyes and as the wound starts to heal it can even begin to itch and the incisions can be sore for awhile after the brain surgery as well.

The 3 risks of brain surgery are brain swelling, coma and stroke.

Other risks of brain surgery include infection in the brain, skull or wound, seizures, blood clot or bleeding in the brain, problems with speech, memory, balance, muscle weakness, vision, coordination and other functions.

The most complicated brain surgery is a Craniectomy which is a complex surgical procedure which involves the removal of a portion of your skull in order to relieve pressure on your brain.

A craniectomy is most often performed on people with severe brain injuries with bleeding and swelling that is so severe that it can lead to brain compression and even death.

The way they cut the skull for brain surgery is the surgeon uses a medical drill to make burr holes in your skull.

Then a special saw is used to cut the skull bone carefully.

The bone flap is then removed and saved and the dura mater which is the thick out covering of the brain directly underneath the bone will be separated from the bone and then carefully cut open in order to expose the brain.

After the brain surgery and operation within the brain is complete, the dura is stitched back together.

The bone flap is then reattached using small metal/titanium plates and screws, which will remain there permanently and can sometimes be felt under the skin.

Cranioplasty is not considered brain surgery as it does not involve surgery on the brain.

However with a cranioplasty the surgeon does repair your skull such as for skull fractures or deformities.

So during the cranioplasty the surgeon will need to cut into your skull and head to fix the issues but they don't work on your brain.

A brain surgeon would perform brain surgery which is even more complex.

The medical term Craniofacial means abnormalities which are birth defects that causes defects in the head or face and relates to the bones and skull of the face.

Some types of of Craniofacial abnormalities are cleft lip and palate.

Craniofacial microsomia is a condition in which half of one side of the face is underdeveloped and does not grow normally.

“Hemifacial” means one side of the face. “Microsomia” means smallness.

The causes of craniofacial is from the result of an infant's skull or facial bones fusing together too soon or in an abnormal way.

When the infants facial bones fuse together too early, the brain can become damaged as it grows and cannot expand properly, and the infant may develop neurological problems.

The most common symptom of a facial injury is changes in the feeling over your face.

Also difficulty breathing through your nose as a result of bleeding and swelling is also another common symptom of a facial injury.

The most serious complication of facial trauma is airway obstruction which is life threatening and the most serious.

Facial Trauma can also cause facial deformities if it's serious enough.

Facial trauma can involve facial bleeding, swelling, bruising, lacerations, cuts, burns and deformity.

Computed tomography (CT) is the main imaging method used to assess a person with facial trauma, since it allows doctors to visualize bone and soft tissues.

Trauma can change your face and severe trauma can cause facial deformities.

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