What happens after craniopharyngioma?

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asked Oct 2, 2023 in Diseases Conditions by Gran888se (1,380 points)
What happens after craniopharyngioma?

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answered Jun 16 by Wisner (12,490 points)
After craniopharyngioma the effects on the neighboring pituitary gland can lead to underproduction of certain hormones which can adversely affect the development and other vital bodily functions although the tumor itself is not dangerous.

Craniopharyngioma can cause memory loss as well as vision loss, behavioral problems, obesity and a need for lifelong hormone replacement.

A common side effect of craniopharyngioma is loss of posterior pituitary gland function.

The prognosis for craniopharyngiomas in adults is pretty good as more than 90 percent of people with craniopharyngiomas are alive 5 years after diagnoses.

Although the tumors with craniopharyngioma is treated as a chronic condition as treatment does not always cure the conditions that the tumors cause and because it also sometimes comes back or returns.

The life expectancy of someone with craniopharyngioma is around 10 years although some people have lived longer.

The most common site of craniopharyngioma is the sellar/parasellar (particularly suprasellar) region.

Around 2 out of 1 million people are diagnosed with craniopharyngioma each year and out of those 2 out of 1 million people they are diagnosed with one of two types of craniopharyngioma which includes papillary craniopharyngioma and adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma.

Craniopharyngiomas are rare and benign tumors of the central nervous system.

Craniopharyngiomas are epithelial tumors which typically arise in the suprasellar area of the brain and extend to involve the hypothalamus, optic chiasm, cranial nerves, third ventricle, and major blood vessels.

People with craniopharyngiomas have a life expectancy of up to 90% at 10 years.

What this means is that 90% of people with craniopharyngioma will survive for at least 10 years, although many people have and do go on to live much longer.

Doctors treat the craniopharyngioma tumors with surgery and radiation therapy.

More than 90% of people with craniopharyngiomas are alive five years after diagnosis.

Craniopharyngiomas can become severe enough to be life-threatening.

The tumor with craniopharyngioma itself is not dangerous, although its effects on the neighboring pituitary gland can lead to the underproduction of certain hormones, which can adversely affect development and other vital bodily functions.

The symptoms of craniopharyngiomas include.

Balance problems.
Confusion, mood swings or behavior changes.
Headache.
Increased thirst and urination.
Nausea and vomiting.
Slow growth in children.
Vision problems.

In craniopharyngioma weight gain can principally occur from the disruption of the normal homeostatic function of the hypothalamic centers responsible for controlling satiety and hunger and regulating energy balance.

Craniopharyngiomas are approximately equally common in males and females.

There is a bimodal age distribution, with one peak in children between 5 and 14 years old and a second peak in adults between 50 and 75 years of age.

Recovering from craniopharyngioma surgery can take anywhere from a few weeks to several months.

Some patients need to take hormone replacements after undergoing surgery.

This largely depends on whether the tumors have damaged the pituitary gland.

In some cases, surgery may not remove all of the tumors.

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