What are red flags for diabetes insipidus?

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asked Aug 20, 2023 in Diseases Conditions by pitchdark1243 (1,780 points)
What are red flags for diabetes insipidus?

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answered Sep 4, 2023 by Adf289 (58,200 points)
The red flags for diabetes insipidus are extreme thirst, passing large amounts of urine and odorless or pale colored urine.

The most obvious symptom of diabetes insipidus is extreme thirst or polydipsia and passing large amounts of urine even during the night.

The hallmark of diabetes insipidus is large volumes of urine excretion which is also called polyuria which is typically over 4 L per day.

Diabetes insipidus is genetic and is almost always inherited through an autosomal dominant pattern.

The diabetes insipidus being inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern means one copy of the altered AVP gene in each cell is sufficient to cause the diabetes insipidus disorder.

If diabetes insipidus goes untreated it can lead to electrolyte imbalances and dehydration.

The new name for diabetes insipidus is Arginine Vasopressin Deficiency.

Diabetes Insipidus is not a very serious condition and does not cause serious problems in most people.

Adults rarely die from the diabetes insipidus as long as they drink plenty of water.

The risk of death from diabetes insipidus is higher for seniors, people with mental illnesses and infants.

Diabetes insipidus is a rare and also complex disease although it is not necessarily life-threatening or shortens a person's life span.

Diabetes insipidus doesn't cause kidney failure or lead to dialysis.

Your kidneys are still able to filter your blood when you have diabetes insipidus.

While most people produce one to three quarts of urine a day, people who have diabetes insipidus can produce up to 20 quarts of urine a day.

If diabetes insipidus isn't treated or if a someone with diabetes insipidus stops drinking fluids, it can quickly lead to dehydration.

The main complication of diabetes insipidus is dehydration, which occurs when the body loses too much fluid and electrolytes to work properly.

If you have diabetes insipidus, you can usually make up for the large amount of fluids you pass in your urine by drinking more liquids.

The diabetes insipidus condition affects males and females in equal numbers and can occur at any age.

Onset of diabetes insipidus is more common between the ages of 10 and 20 years.

The inherited form of diabetes insipidus is extremely rare with fewer than 100 cases reported in the medical literature.

Diabetes insipidus is estimated to occur in 1 out of every 25,000 individuals.

Diabetes insipidus occurs in about 80% of the patients with brain death.

However, absence of diabetes insipidus does not mean that the person is not brain dead.

Diabetes insipidus results from the deficiency of antidiuretic hormone (arginine vasopressin-AVP) due to loss of posterior pituitary function.

If your condition of diabetes insipidus is mild, your GP or endocrinologist may suggest reducing the amount of salt and protein in your diet, which will help your kidneys produce less urine.

This may mean eating less salt and protein-rich food, such as processed foods, meat, eggs and nuts.

Diabetes insipidus is caused by a lack of antidiuretic hormone (ADH), also called vasopressin, which prevents dehydration, or the kidney's inability to respond to ADH.

ADH enables the kidneys to retain water in the body.

The hormone is produced in a region of the brain called the hypothalamus.

The three P's of diabetes are polydipsia, polyuria, and polyphagia.

These terms correspond to increases in thirst, urination, and appetite, respectively.

The three P's often — but not always — occur together

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