What mental disorder is caused by too much serotonin?

0 votes
asked Jul 28, 2023 in Mental Health by Alonzo654 (1,340 points)
What mental disorder is caused by too much serotonin?

1 Answer

0 votes
answered Oct 11, 2023 by Q766s (22,770 points)
Mental disorders that are caused by too much serotonin are anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, ADHD, Autism, Parkinson's disease and spinal cord damage are linked to serotonin.

The traits of high serotonin are muscle rigidity, high blood pressure, loss of muscle coordination or twitching muscles, dilated pupils, rapid heart rate and high blood pressure, confusion, insomnia and agitation or restlessness.

The stages of serotonin syndrome are.

Mild: Afebrile or low grade fever Tachycardia Mydriasis Diaphoresis or shivering.
Moderate: Increased tachycardia Fever up to 105.8 F, diarrhea with hyperactive bowel sounds, Diaphoresis with normal skin color.
Severe: Temperature that is often more than 105.8 F and Secondary to increased tone.

Serotonin syndrome is a potentially life-threatening condition that occurs when you take medications that affect serotonin levels.

Serotonin is a chemical that the body produces naturally and it's needed for the nerve cells and brain to function.

However too much serotonin is bad and causes signs and symptoms that can range from mild (shivering and diarrhea) to severe (muscle rigidity, fever and seizures).

Severe serotonin syndrome can cause death if not treated.

Signs and symptoms of serotonin syndrome include.

Agitation or restlessness.
Abnormal eye movements.
Diarrhea.
Fast heartbeat and high blood pressure.
Hallucinations.
Increased body temperature.
Loss of coordination.
Nausea and vomiting.

The classic triad of clinical features of serotonin syndrome are altered mental status (including anxiety, agitation, and confusion), autonomic nervous system overactivity (including diaphoresis, tachycardia, hyperthermia, hypertension, vomiting, and diarrhea), and neuromuscular hyperactivity (muscle rigidity, hyperkinesis.

Serotonin syndrome is diagnosed clinically and requires a thorough review of medications and a careful physical exam.

Symptoms tend to develop rapidly after exposure to the precipitating drug: 30% within one hour, 60% within 6 hours, and nearly all patients with toxicity developing symptoms within 24 hours of exposure.

The serotonin test measures the level of serotonin in the blood.

Blood is drawn from a vein (venipuncture), usually from the inside of the elbow or the back of the hand.

A needle is inserted into the vein, and the blood is collected in an air-tight vial or a syringe.

Preparation may vary depending on the specific test.

Due to the protean manifestations of the syndrome along with non-specific prodromal, SS can easily be misdiagnosed if not carefully assessed.

In severe cases, SS can be mistaken as neuroleptic malignant syndrome while mild cases are mostly misattributed to other causes such as flu.

103,078 questions

101,883 answers

1,329 comments

7,030,193 users

...