What is an example of apraxia?

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asked Jul 27, 2023 in Kids Health by Sewelles (880 points)
What is an example of apraxia?

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answered Aug 6, 2023 by Christeenlia (31,860 points)
An example of apraxia is a child or someone who starts out or carries out facial movements or commands such as licking of their lips, coughing or winking.

Other examples of apraxia are when a person or child has trouble making fine precise movements with an arm or leg and responding to verbal commands.

Other signs of apxraxia are separation of syllables, such as putting a pause or gap between syllables.

Inconsistency, such as making different errors when trying to say the same word a second time.

Difficulty imitating simple words.

Inconsistent voicing errors, such as saying "down" instead of "town"

A child can have apraxia and not be autistic.

While some children with apraxia do have autism it is possible for a child to have only apraxia.

Apraxia of speech is a type of neurological disorder which affects a child's or persons brain pathways that are involved in producing speech.

Some key signs of apraxia of speech include trouble putting sounds and syllables together and long pauses between sounds.

Some children with apraxia of speech also have other language and motor problems.

Speech therapy is the main treatment for the apraxia of speech condition.

Childhood apraxia of speech does tend to get worse without treatment.

Apraxia cannot be outgrown and does not go away.

A child can get apraxia through genetic disorders, birth defects, traumatic brain injuries, infections or even a stroke.

The most common cause of apraxia is damage to the brain or a brain tumor.

When apraxia occurs ins omeone who was previously able to perform tasks or other abilities it's called acquired apraxia.

With appropriate goals and intervention, parents of children with apraxia as the primary diagnosis should expect progress in their child's use of intelligible words within a three-month period.

(Children with apraxia plus other complex challenges likely will have more limited progress.)

The 4 types of apraxia are ideational, ideomotor, limb-kinetic apraxia and melokinetic apraxia.

The 3 characteristics of apraxia are inappropriate prosody, especially in the realization of lexical or phrasal stress, lengthened and disrupted coarticulatory transitions between sounds and syllables and inconsistent errors on consonants and vowels in repeated productions of syllables or words.

Apraxia is diagnosed by learning about the child's history which includes known medical problems and tests of the child's hearing, oral motor skills and intonation and the way they say sounds.

The SLP will also diagnose the child with apraxia by testing the child's ability to speak by checking for signs of mouth muscle weakness.

The part of the brain that is damaged in apraxia is the parietal lobe and the cerebral hemispheres of the brain.

The cerebral hemispheres and the parietal lobe of the brain is involved in movement coordination and processing of sensations such as hearing, taste and touch.

The age at which apraxia is diagnosed is between the ages of 2 to 3 years of age.

However apraxia is sometimes not diagnosed until the child is 4 to 5 years old.

Apraxia is not a form of autism although they frequently occur together.

Autism and Childhood Apraxia are developmental disorders that have distinct criteria and different epidemiology.

Although a common genetic background as well as overlapping the clinical features between Apraxia and Autism have been recently reported.

Apraxia is a speech sound disorder that affects the brain pathways responsible for planning the movement sequences involved in speech production.

In some cases, kids with apraxia are misdiagnosed with ASD, as their articulatory and phonological abilities can be severe.

In other cases, children with phonological difficulties are misdiagnosed with ASD when in fact, they are not on the autism spectrum.

With appropriate goals and intervention, parents of children with apraxia as the primary diagnosis should expect progress in their child's use of intelligible words within a three-month period.

(Children with apraxia plus other complex challenges likely will have more limited progress.)

Children with Apraxia won't simply outgrow the condition, but over time and with regular (and often intensive) speech therapy, their speech is likely to improve.

Abnormalities in the FOXP2 gene appear to increase the risk of childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) and other speech and language disorders.

The FOXP2 gene may be involved in how certain nerves and pathways in the brain develop.

Apraxia of speech (AOS)—also known as acquired apraxia of speech, verbal apraxia, or childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) when diagnosed in children—is a speech sound disorder.

Someone with AOS has trouble saying what he or she wants to say correctly and consistently.

Apraxia is a motor speech disorder that makes it hard to speak.

This disorder can make saying the right sounds and words very difficult.

Speech-language pathologists can help the child with apraxia.

Apraxia can result problems getting wants and needs met.

This can make the child and family frustrated.

Apraxia can also make it hard for children to be independent, make friends, or play with other children.

Children with apraxia are at risk for problems with reading and writing.

Apraxia results from dysfunction of the cerebral hemispheres of your brain, especially the parietal lobe (which his involved with movement coordination and processing sensations such as taste, hearing, and touch), and can arise from many diseases or damage to the brain.

When it's caused by a stroke, apraxia of speech typically does not worsen and may get better over time.

But, apraxia of speech often is ignored as a distinct entity that can evolve into a neurologic disorder, causing difficulty with eye movement, using the limbs, walking and falling that worsens as time passes.

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