What are the characteristics of a cancerous thyroid nodule?

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asked Oct 31, 2022 in Diseases Conditions by Starvautinst (1,270 points)
What are the characteristics of a cancerous thyroid nodule?

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answered Dec 3, 2022 by what2makeofthat (8,300 points)
The characteristics of a cancerous thyroid nodule are ill defined margin, irregular shape, hypoechogenicity, heterogeneity, absence of cystic lesion and/or the halo sign, the presence of calcification, and invasion.

Some cancerous thyroid nodules do have blood flow although around 33 percent of cancerous thyroid nodules have no blood flow or vascular flow.

Although 17% of cancerous thyroid nodules were found to have peripheral and 50% have internal vascular flow.

Thyroid nodules can be removed without removing the thyroid and through radiofrequency ablation or RFA which is an effective alternative to removing thyroid nodules without surgery.

A thyroid nodule should be removed when the thyroid nodule is 4 cm or larger in size.

The thyroid nodule would be removed through thyroid surgery.

The main cause of thyroid nodules are an overgrowth of cells in your thyroid gland.

The overgrown cells in the thyroid gland may be cancer or may not be cancerous or they can also be fluid filled cysts.

Thyroid cancer can most often be prevented and avoided by reducing your exposure to radiation such as from radiation from cell phones and medical imaging procedures.

Also eating a healthy diet and exercising can help to prevent some cancers and lower your risk of thyroid cancer.

To check yourself for thyroid cancer you look between the collar bone and the Adam's apple you want to look for any lumps or bumps when you swallow where the Adam's apple is and that's visible.

Any lumps or bumps when you swallow or any lumps or bumps that normally weren't there could mean you have thyroid cancer.

Thyroid cancer is treatable and highly curable when caught soon enough.

Most people who develop thyroid cancer are treated and go on to live long lives afterwards.

Thyroid cancer does not make you gain weight although hypothyroidism can make you gain weight.

Thyroid cancer does not cause symptoms such as thinning hair, heart palpitations like hypothyroidism can.

An ultrasound of the thyroid can detect cancer.

A CT scan is also used to look for any spread of the cancer into any distant organs such as your lungs while the ultrasound can help to determine the size and location of the thyroid cancer and see if they have spread to nearby areas.

Thyroid cancer is caused by genetics and when cells in your thyroid change in their DNA.

The cells DNA contains instructions which tell the cell what they should do.

These changes called mutations tell your cells to grow and multiply rapidly and the cells then go on to living when the healthy cells would die naturally.

Genetic syndromes that can increase the risk of someone developing thyroid cancer include familial medullary thyroid cancer, multiple endocrine neoplasia and Cowden.

The survival rate for thyroid cancer is 98 percent.

Thyroid has a 5 year survival rate in the United States of 98 percent and most cases of thyroid cancer are highly treatable and curable.

Thyroid cancer can make you feel sick when it has spread and mestasized to distant areas of your body.

When the thyroid cancer has spread it can cause fatigue, nausea and vomiting.

Thyroid cancer is a big deal although most thyroid cancer is highly treatable and curable and rarely fatal.

Papillary thyroid cancer is less serious and not as big of a deal and can be cured and is rarely fatal with treatment.

Follicular thyroid cancer is more serious and is more likely to spread to the bones and organs and your lungs.

Metastatic cancer is more challenging to treat.

Women are most likely to get thyroid cancer.

Thyroid cancer occurs in women around 3 times more often than men.

Thyroid cancer is most common in women in their 40s or 50s and thyroid cancer is most common in men in their 60s and 70s.

Although thyroid cancer can occur in both men and women at any age.

The TSH level in thyroid cancer is when it drops to 0.01 to 3.0 µIU/mL.

People with a healthy thyroid should have a TSH level of around 0.4 to 5.0 µIU/mL.

A blood test cannot indicate thyroid cancer although a blood test will check the levels of your T3, T4 and thyroid stimulating hormone.

To test for thyroid cancer a radioactive iodine scan will be done along with a special camera to detect any thyroid cancer cells in your body.

If you ignore thyroid cancer and the thyroid cancer is left untreated then the thyroid cancer will continue to spread and grow to other parts of the body including the lungs and bone and eventually the brain.

Left untreated thyroid cancer can be fatal as thyroid cancer does not go away on it's own.

Thyroid cancer is treated most commonly through surgery to remove the cancerous lobe that the thyroid cancer is found.

The Lymph nodes near the cancer may also be removed and then checked under a microscope for signs of cancer.

Other treatments for thyroid cancer are chemotherapy, radiation and radioactive iodine.

Thyroid cancer cannot and will not go away on it's own.

All cases of thyroid cancer require treatment for it to go away and without treatment thyroid cancer can be fatal.

The neck pain with thyroid cancer is located at the front of your neck and just below your Adam's apple.

The neck pain with thyroid cancer can be at the base of the throat as well as the thyroid nodules can cause neck pain.

The 4 main types of thyroid cancer are anaplastic, medullary, follicular and papillary thyroid cancer with Papillary thyroid cancer being the most common type of thyroid cancer.

When you have thyroid cancer the thyroid cancer spreads to the lymph nodes in the neck first and then sometimes the thyroid cancer spreads beyond your neck and to the lungs, bones and other parts of the body.

And in rare cases the thyroid cancer can spread to the brain.

For most people it takes around 2 weeks to recover from thyroid cancer surgery.

After thyroid cancer surgery you need to avoid heavy lifting or any other tasks which can strain the neck for around 3 weeks after the thyroid cancer surgery.

Most people do return home the day of or day after thyroid cancer surgery.

Thyroid cancer can spread to the brain which is known as brain metastases which occurs in roughly 0.9% of all cases of differentiated thyroid cancer patients.

The survival of adults with thyroid cancer which has spread to the brain is less than 1 year.

Thyroid cancer is a growth of cells that starts in the thyroid.

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of the neck.

Most thyroid cancers can be cured, especially if they have not spread to distant parts of the body.

If the cancer can't be cured, the goal of treatment may be to remove or destroy as much of the cancer as possible and to keep it from growing, spreading, or returning for as long as possible.

Thyroid cancer grows slowly, often in 1 lobe of the thyroid gland.

It often spreads to lymph nodes in the neck.

Thyroidectomy is surgery to remove part or all of the thyroid gland.

The signs and symptoms of thyroid cancer include.

A lump in the neck, sometimes growing quickly.
Swelling in the neck.
Pain in the front of the neck, sometimes going up to the ears.
Hoarseness or other voice changes that do not go away.
Trouble swallowing.
Trouble breathing.
A constant cough that is not due to a cold.

Thyroid cancer is a cancer of the thyroid which is the butterfly-shaped gland at the base of the neck.

The cause of thyroid cancer is not really known 100 percent, but the cause of thyroid cancer may involve a combination of genetic and environmental factors.

Some people have no symptoms of thyroid cancer while others may notice a lump in the neck.

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