What does it mean when your tumor markers are high?

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asked Jul 16, 2022 in Diseases Conditions by waitforme (13,460 points)
What does it mean when your tumor markers are high?

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answered Jul 21, 2022 by loveroflife (6,080 points)
When your tumor markers are high it can be a sign of cancer or even benign tumors.

Tumor marker levels may be higher when there is cancer in the body.

They are not very “specific,” meaning non-cancer health issues can also cause these levels to be higher.

They must be used along with radiology tests and exams by your doctor.

Oncologists do sometimes lie to patients about prognosis.

Oncologists often do not give honest prognostic and treatment-effect information to patients with advanced disease, trying not to “take away hope.”

You do see an oncologist for benign tumors as oncologists are the doctors that can tell if a tumor is cancerous or benign.

The kind of surgeon that removes tumors is a surgical oncologists.

Surgical oncologists treat cancer using surgery, including removing the tumor and nearby tissue during a operation.

This type of surgeon can also perform certain types of biopsies to help diagnose cancer.

You can sometimes tell if a tumor is benign without a biopsy by way of an MRI.

However to tell for sure if a tumor is benign or not a biopsy is needed.

Tumors can be classified as benign or malignant.

Benign tumors are those that stay in their primary location without invading other sites of the body.

They do not spread to local structures or to distant parts of the body.

Benign tumors tend to grow slowly and have distinct borders.

The recovery time for a biopsy is around 10 days.

For 3 days after your biopsy, do not:

    Lift anything heavier than 5 pounds (2.3 kilograms).
    Do any strenuous exercises, such as running or jogging.
    Bathe, swim, or soak the biopsy site under water. You may shower 24 hours after your biopsy.

After a biopsy the affected area may be sore or uncomfortable for a few days, but your doctor can give you pain medicine if you need it.

Take it easy the day after your biopsy, and follow your doctor's instructions on how long to wear a bandage or take care of the site in some other way.

A biopsy is a sample of tissue taken from the body in order to examine it more closely.

A doctor should recommend a biopsy when an initial test suggests an area of tissue in the body isn't normal.

Doctors may call an area of abnormal tissue a lesion, a tumor, or a mass.

A biopsy is a medical test commonly performed by a surgeon, interventional radiologist, or an interventional cardiologist.

The process involves extraction of sample cells or tissues for examination to determine the presence or extent of a disease.

A small amount of anesthetic numbs the skin, allowing the procedure to be almost painless.

At most a biopsy feels like a slight pinch as the anesthetic is being injected.

You shouldn't feel any sensation as the tissue is removed.

Biopsies are typically associated with cancer, but just because your doctor orders a biopsy, it doesn't mean that you have cancer.

Doctors use biopsies to test whether abnormalities in your body are caused by cancer or by other conditions.

A result can often be given within 2 to 3 days after the biopsy.

A result that requires a more complicated analysis can take 7 to 10 days.

Ask your doctor how you will receive the biopsy results and who will explain them to you.

Needle biopsy carries a small risk of bleeding and infection at the site where the needle was inserted.

Some mild pain can be expected after needle biopsy, though it is usually controlled with over-the-counter pain relievers.
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answered May 19 by Gracy (133,260 points)
Tumor markers are anything that is present in or produced by cancer cells or other cells of the body in response to cancer or certain benign (noncancerous) conditions that provides information about a cancer, such as how aggressive it is, what kind of treatment it may respond to, or whether or not it is responding to treatment.

Common tumor markers are.

Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)
Cancer antigen 125 (CA125)
Cancer antigen 15-3 (CA15-3)
Carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9)
Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)
Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG or beta-hCG)
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA)

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