Is eugenol toxic?

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asked Jul 23 in Other- Health by Uvanway98sa (1,480 points)
Is eugenol toxic?

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answered Jul 26 by Velszadeslse (2,190 points)
Eugenol is not toxic when swallowed or in food but when inhaled the Eugenol can be toxic to inhale.

Eugenol is listed by the FDA as GRAS when consumed orally, in unburned form. It is non toxic in food but toxic upon inhalation.

High doses of eugenol may cause damage to the liver.

Yes you can buy eugenol.

Eugenol is essentially clove oil.

Clove Oil is an essential oil that's derived from clove trees. T

he clove tree, known as Syzygium aromaticum, is native to Southeast Asia.

Clove Oil is commonly used to treat toothaches and is a main ingredient in toothache medicine such as Red Cross Toothache Medicine.

Eugenol, also called clove oil, is an aromatic oil that is extracted from cloves that is used widely as a flavoring for foods and teas and as an herbal oil used topically to treat toothache and more rarely to be taken orally to treat gastrointestinal and respiratory complaints.

Eugenol (ue gen’ ol) is the major constituent [70% to 90%] in the aromatic oil extract from cloves (Syzygium aromaticum), a spice widely used as a flavoring for meats, stews, cakes and teas. Eugenol is also found in lower concentrations in cinnamon and other aromatic spices.

The clove is native to the Moluccas, a chain of small islands that are now part of Indonesia and were formerly known as the Spice Islands.

Cloves are now grown in several tropical regions and the spice sold as intact flower buds or as a ground powder. Eugenol is the most abundant ingredient in clove oil and is thought to be responsible for its aromatic as well as both beneficial and harmful effects. In vitro, eugenol has been shown to have antibacterial, antifungal,

antioxidant and antineoplastic activity.

Clove oils including eugenol have been claimed to have gentle local anesthetic and antiseptic activities and previously were commonly used in dentistry.

Eugenol and clove extracts have also been purposed to be beneficial for gastrointestinal complaints such as nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain and for cough, phlegm and chest congestion (as an expectorant).

However, there are no convincing data to support the efficacy for any of these conditions, and neither eugenol or other clove extracts have been approved for use in any medical condition in the United States.

Nevertheless, clove extracts are found in many topical creams, lotions and bath oils and occasionally in toothpaste for its possible effect in alleviating toothache or painful gums and in electronic cigarette refills.

Vials of clove oil are available in health food and ethnic grocery stores and on the internet.

Clove oil is advertised as having powerful antioxidant benefits and being useful for toothache, cleaning teeth and freshening of the breath.

Clove cigarettes consisting of 60% to 70% tobacco and 30% to 40% cloves were imported from Indonesia and became popular in the United States in the early 1980’s when they were ultimately linked to a dozen cases of severe lung injury and banned from sale in many states.

In addition, eugenol in higher doses has been used as an “organic” insecticide in households and gardens.

Thus, eugenol used in low doses appears to have few side effects other than local irritation, rare allergic reactions and contact dermatitis, while exposure or ingestion of a large amounts, as in overdose, can result in tissue injury and a syndrome of acute onset of seizures, coma and damage to the liver and kidneys.

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